Udaipur is among the royal and romantic cities of India. It had been the capital of Mewar, which is a kingdom ruled by Sisoda dynasty for almost 1200 years. This city has a legend behind its origination; one day King namely Maharana Udai Singh met a holy man, meditating on the Aravalli Hills when he was on hunting expedition. He counselled the king for the establishment of king’s kingdom on the fertile valley which is being protected by the Aravalli Hills.
Thus, the establishment of Udaipur city subsequently started and was built in the name of Maharana Udai Singh in 1553. It is considered as one of the largest royal city in Rajasthan and has its own beautiful and creative history behind it.
Moreover, the Rajput kingdom of Mewar’s previous capital was Chittorgarh where Maharana Udai Singh was successor of the Sisodia dynasty. The Sisodia dynasty was believed to be among the oldest ruling family in the whole world.
Also, it has been recognized as one of the most powerful kingdoms in Rajasthan. However, the main reason behind the shift of capital from Chittorgarh to Udaipur was the continuous attack of enemies on their previous capital.
Just prior to the moving of their capital from Udaipur to Chittorgrah was that the Mewar kingdom had been flourished in Nagda (almost 30 kilometres towards the north side of Udaipur), established by the first Mewar Maharana, Guhil in 568 AD. Afterwards the capital was moved to Chittorgarh in 8th century where almost Sisodia dynasty ruled for 80 years. In 1537, the king of Mewar that is, Maharana Udai Singh II were close to the worst situation where he was almost in a situation to lose control over the forts in the wars against the Mughals.
For his new kingdom, King chose another site which was near to Lake Pichola to establish his new kingdom. Since the location was protected from the lakes, forest and Aravalli hills from all side. Thus, choose this site for his new capital much before when the Mughal Emperor Akbar claim the area of Chittor. Chittor area was attached by the Akbar, Mughal emperor in 1568. However, to overcome this situation and preserve his kingdom, Maharan Udai Singh shifted his whole kingdom from Chittor to Udaipur.
As the area under the Udaipur was naturally protected by nature and slowly and gradually it was transformed into beautiful and fully fledged city. Then the Sisodia recapture their freedom and thus won lots of parts of Mewar but with an exception of the fort of Chittorgarh.
In 1818, Udaipur was continued as the capital of Mewar until it becomes one of the princely states of British rule in India. In 1947, when India got independence from British rule, Maharaja grants his whole place of Udaipur to the Government of India. During this period Udaipur was merged as a part of state Rajasthan.
According to the present scenario, it is being enjoyed as the favourable position in the state Rajasthan. Thus, Udaipur is well known for its royal touch and its great beauty of nature. This place is flooded with numerous amounts of ancient monuments, palaces, beautiful lakes and architectural temples. Hence, welcomed by various people from many parts of the country and word every year to enjoy this ancient land of Royalty.
The first architect built up by Maharana Udai Singh was Royal Angan. The early structure of this building was built as a Royal courtyard or you can say “Rai Angan”, which was the beginning of this beautiful city. After the death of Maharana Udai Singh in the year 1572, the rein of power was overtaken by his son Maharana Pratap Singh. Then he was defeated by the king Akbar in the battle of Haldighati in the year 1576.
Thus, trouble was remained constant for few years more in the city of Udaipur. In 1736, the Marathas attach Udaipur and then in 19th century this place is conquered by the Britishers under a treaty signed by Mewar. When India got Independence in 1947, Mewar kingdom along with other princely states of Rajasthan was merged with the India in 1949 and makes a complete state of India, named as Rajasthan.
However, the successors of the Maharanas retained their ownership of palaces of Udaipur and always enjoyed the trust of their city people. Now, they are running Mewar trust from the income generated from the tourist and heritage hotels which have been established at some parts of their palaces.